In cases involving religion, it is difficult for prosecutors to argue the distinction between forced and voluntary work, according to labor prosecutor Geraldo Emediato de Souza.
During the days-long raid on Traduzindo o Verbo last year that identified people in slavery, none of the suspected victims asked to be rescued, said a report by labor inspectors into the operation that involved about government officials. A lawyer for the church, which is now under investigation on suspicion of keeping its followers in slavery-like conditions, highlighted the fact that none of its members spoke of abuses.
He refused to comment further on specific allegations against the church. Labor inspectors said that the work for Traduzindo o Verbo could not be considered voluntary because leaders were enriching themselves from the work of followers who were kept in poverty. Those followers were pressured to donate their possessions, and work for businesses linked to the church, the report found.
Soares still does not know how to speak to his daughter about what happened at the cult. For now, he gives her space. It took meeting people outside of the cult to realize that his religion was abusive - a common narrative amongst the several victims interviewed by the Thomson Reuters Foundation. Rodrigo does not hate his parents, he sees them as victims.
Sometimes he wishes he could turn back time and return to the cult - emboldened by his current perspective on their practices. I would let them have it, the sons of bitches. A lawyer for the church, which is now under investigation on suspicion of keeping its followers in slavery-like conditions, highlighted the fact that none of its members spoke of abuses. He refused to comment further on specific allegations against the church.
Labor inspectors said that the work for Traduzindo o Verbo could not be considered voluntary because leaders were enriching themselves from the work of followers who were kept in poverty. Those followers were pressured to donate their possessions, and work for businesses linked to the church, the report found. Soares still does not know how to speak to his daughter about what happened at the cult. For now, he gives her space. It took meeting people outside of the cult to realize that his religion was abusive - a common narrative amongst the several victims interviewed by the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Rodrigo does not hate his parents, he sees them as victims. Sometimes he wishes he could turn back time and return to the cult - emboldened by his current perspective on their practices. I would let them have it, the sons of bitches. Visit www. Discover Thomson Reuters. Similar to Al-Qaida , the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant adheres to an even more extremist ideology , in which the goal was to create a state i.
They viewed this as a legitimate action, indeed an obligation. The ultimate purpose of this political-military endeavour was to eventually usher in the Islamic end times and have the chance to fight their vision of the apocalyptic battle, where all their enemies i. The Shining Path guerrilla movement which was active in Peru in the s and s has variously been described as a "cult"  and an intense " cult of personality ".
The People's Mujahedin of Iran , a leftist guerrilla movement based in Iraq , has controversially been described as both a political cult and a movement that is abusive towards its own members. Masoud Banisadr stated in a May speech in Spain: "If you ask me: are all cults a terrorist organisation?
What Is the World Mission Society Church of God? Beliefs and Practices of this Cult
My answer is no, as there are many peaceful cults at present around the world and in the history of mankind. But if you ask me are all terrorist organisations some sort of cult, my answer is yes. Even if they start as [an] ordinary modern political party or organisation, to prepare and force their members to act without asking any moral questions and act selflessly for the cause of the group and ignore all the ethical, cultural, moral or religious codes of the society and humanity, those organisations have to change into a cult. Therefore to understand an extremist or a terrorist organisation one has to learn about a cult.
The application of the labels "cult" or "sect" to religious movements in government documents signifies the popular and negative use of the term "cult" in English and a functionally similar use of words translated as "sect" in several European languages. Fourteen different groups in China have been listed by the ministry of public security as xiejiao. According to Amnesty International , the persecution of Falun Gong includes a multifaceted propaganda campaign ,  a program of enforced ideological conversion and re-education, as well as a variety of extralegal coercive measures, such as arbitrary arrests , forced labour , and physical torture , sometimes resulting in death.
In the Russian Interior Ministry prepared a list of "extremist groups. Next listed were "Pagan cults". In the s, the scientific status of the " brainwashing theory " became a central topic in U. However, no religious or cult members are granted any special immunity from criminal charges. France and Belgium have taken policy positions which accept "brainwashing" theories uncritically, while other European nations, like Sweden and Italy, are cautious about brainwashing and have adopted more neutral responses to new religions.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
There's no sharp distinction between cult and regular religion | Aeon Essays
A social group defined by its unusual religious, spiritual, or philosophical beliefs. For other uses, see Cult disambiguation. Further information: Cult religious practice and Sociological classifications of religious movements. Main article: New religious movement. Main article: Christian countercult movement. Main article: Anti-cult movement. Main article: Doomsday cult. See also: Obscurantism. Main article: Governmental lists of cults and sects.
University of Toronto Press. Retrieved 21 March Online Etymology Dictionary. A relatively small group of people having esp. Mail 30 Jan. Oxford English Dictionary 3rd ed. Oxford University Press. September Subscription or UK public library membership required. Taylor, 'Science and cult', Psychological Review , Vol 37 2 , March , "cultist" is still used in the sense that would now be expressed by "religionist", i. Morris Fishbein, Fads and Quackery in Healing: An Analysis of the Foibles of the Healing Cults , , "cultist" refers to those adhering to what was then called "healing cults", and what would now be referred to as faith healing , but also of other forms of alternative medicine "cultist" in quotes of a chiropractor in United States naval medical bulletin , Volume 28, , p.
Gordon Cults, Religion, and Violence. Retrieved 12 July — via Scribd.
Bryan Wilson makes the same point in his paper saying that the Bruderhof is not a cult, pointing out that the public imagination is captured by five events that have occurred in religious groups: Jonestown , the Branch Davidians , Solar Temple , Aum Shinrikyo and Heaven's Gate. Bruce J. New York: Routledge. Theory of Social and Economic Organization. Anderson and Talcott Parsons , In William H.
Swatos Jr. Encyclopedia of Religion and Society. In Gods we trust: new patterns of religious pluralism in America , Transaction Publishers , p.
Related Cults and Other Religions
Demaris, A test of the Stark-Bainbridge theory of affiliation with religious cults and sects. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 35, — Martin, The Rise of the Cults , rev. Santa Ana: Vision House, , pp. Martin, The Kingdom of the Cults , rev. Ravi Zacharias ed.
Bloomington: Bethany House, , pp. Evangelising the Cults , Milton Keynes: Word, Robbins and D. Anthony , quoted in Richardson " Gordon 10 December Retrieved 15 June In the United States at the end of the s, brainwashing emerged as a popular theoretical construct around which to understand what appeared to be a sudden rise of new and unfamiliar religious movements during the previous decade, especially those associated with the hippie street-people phenomenon.
London: Her Majesty's Stationery office, International Cultic Studies Association. Retrieved 23 May Review of Religious Research. Richardson Sociological Analysis. Review of Religious Research, Vol. Annual Review of Sociology. American Behavioral Scientist. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, xvi, pp " How the Millennium Comes Violently. Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance.
Retrieved 18 November Free Press. Congressional Record. United States Congress.
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Sussman Cults and the Family. Haworth Press. Zablocki, Benjamin "Archived copy".
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