Arroyo-Martinez et al. The symptoms reported included nonbloody diarrhea, asthenia, and colic abdominal pain. The patient had a mild mucocutaneous jaundice and a generalized erythematous and pruriginous maculopapular rash. The patient consumed goji berry tea 3 times a day [ 86 ]. The liver function tests were elevated.
However, another possible change in goji composition is contamination, during its production and post-marketing. Thus, the toxic side effects of post-marketing surveillance are another area of concern. Similar to other plants [ 87 — 91 ], goji berries are a high antioxidant potential fruits which alleviate oxidative stress to confer many health protective benefits such as preventing free radicals from damaging DNA, lipids, and proteins.
There is a better protection through synergistic and additive effects in fruits and herbal products from a complex mixture of phytochemicals than from a single phytochemical. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Oxid Med Cell Longev.
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Published online Jan 9. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding author. Zheng Feei Ma: moc. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract Goji berries Lycium fruits are usually found in Asia, particularly in northwest regions of China. Introduction Goji berries Lycium fruits are obtained from two closely related plants, Lycium chinense and Lycium barbarum. Bioactive Compounds of Goji Berries There are many bioactive compounds distinguished by high antioxidant potential in goji berries.
《Dried Fruits: Phytochemicals and Health Effects》(Cesarettin Alasalvar)电子书下载、在线阅读、内容简介、评论 – 京东电子书频道
Table 1 Some chemical compounds of goji berries. Open in a separate window. Vision-Protective Effect The mixture of highly branched polysaccharides and proteoglycans in LBPs has been reported to exert ocular neuroprotective effects [ 30 , 31 ]. Lipid-Lowering Effect The lipid-lowering health benefit of LBP and its purified constituents have been demonstrated in animals with limited clinical studies in humans. Hypoglycaemic Effect Diabetes mellitus is characterized by abnormally high levels of blood glucose, and it is also known as hyperglycaemia [ 58 ]. Allergic and Anaphylactic Reactions Monzon-Ballarin et al.
Anticancer, Antitumour, Immunostimulatory, and Modulatory Effects Goji berries have been utilised in traditional Chinese medicine to prevent the onset and progression of cancer for so many years, due to its rich phytochemical and antioxidant composition [ 1 ]. Neurological Protective Effect The neurological protective effect of goji berries has been demonstrated in an experimental study including human clinical trial. Antiaging Effects In a recent review, Gao et al. Adverse Effects of Goji Berries Apart from the allergic and anaphylactic reactions, other side effects that consumers should be aware of are to be mentioned.
Conclusion Similar to other plants [ 87 — 91 ], goji berries are a high antioxidant potential fruits which alleviate oxidative stress to confer many health protective benefits such as preventing free radicals from damaging DNA, lipids, and proteins. Conflicts of Interest The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. References 1. Goji berry Lycium barbarum : composition and health effects—a review.
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Potterat O. Goji Lycium barbarum and L. Planta Medica. Cheng J. An evidence-based update on the pharmacological activities and possible molecular targets of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides. Drug Design, Development and Therapy. Cheng C. Fasting plasma zeaxanthin response to Fructus barbarum L. British Journal of Nutrition. Amagase H.
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A review of botanical characteristics, phytochemistry, clinical relevance in efficacy and safety of Lycium barbarum fruit goji Food Research International. Xin T. Super food Lycium barbarum Solanaceae traceability via an internal transcribed spacer 2 barcode. Food Research International. Luo Q.
Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects and antioxidant activity of fruit extracts from Lycium barbarum. Life Sciences. Wang C.
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Isolation of carotenoids, flavonoids and polysaccharides from Lycium barbarum L. Food chemistry. Endes Z. Physico-chemical properties, fatty acid composition and mineral contents of goji berry Lycium barbarum L. Journal of Agroalimentary Processes and Technologies. Characterization and comparison of the chemical composition of exotic superfoods. Microchemical Journal. Lachman J. Antioxidant contents and composition in some vegetables and their role in human nutrition.
Antioxidant contents and composition in some fruits and their role in human nutrition. Seeram N. Berry fruits: compositional elements, biochemical activities, and the impact of their intake on human health, performance, and disease. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Recent trends and advances in berry health benefits research. Xie J. Purification, physicochemical characterisation and anticancer activity of a polysaccharide from Cyclocarya paliurus leaves.
Food Chemistry. Preparation, characterization and antioxidant activities of acetylated polysaccharides from Cyclocarya paliurus leaves. Carbohydrate Polymers. Huang D. Effect of phenylethanoid glycosides and polysaccharides from the seed of Plantago asiatica L. European Journal of Pharmacology.
Changbo D. Supplementation of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides protection of skeletal muscle from exercise-induced oxidant stress in mice.
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African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. Anti-diabetic properties of Momordica charantia L. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. Chin Y. Escherichia coli capsular polysaccharide synthesis, antibiotic susceptibility, and red blood cell agglutination. Ultrasonic-assisted extraction, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Cyclocarya paliurus Batal.
Iljinskaja polysaccharides. Al-Reza S. Anti-inflammatory activity of seed essential oil from Zizyphus jujuba. Food and Chemical Toxicology.
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Potential health benefits and quality of dried fruits: goji fruits, cranberries and raisins. Lycium barbarum goji juice improves in vivo antioxidant biomarkers in serum of healthy adults. Nutrition Research. Recent advances in bioactive polysaccharides from Lycium barbarum L. Food Hydrocolloids.
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